Submission Guidelines

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors must check that their submissions comply with the following items. Submissions that do not adhere to these guidelines may be returned to authors.

  • The Journal of Interdisciplinary Perspectives (JIP) accepts original research articles, review articles, and reports across various disciplines such as Education, Business and Management, Engineering, Science and Technology, Philosophy, Humanities, Psychology, Social Sciences, Information Technology, Economics, History, Languages, and Agriculture.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor has it been before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).

  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word and PDF files.

  • Where available, DOI or URLs for the references have been provided.

  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

  1. Contributions shall be in English. Manuscripts should be proofread and have English language errors corrected before submission, as English of poor quality and clarity is a major cause of rejection or delay in acceptance. The editorial team will check the quality of the editing. If found inadequate, the manuscript will be returned to the corresponding author for further proofreading. Grammar score should be above 85%.

  2. Plagiarism, repeated publication, etc., will be checked at the initial evaluation and, if detected, will result in a rejection and blacklisting. Detected plagiarism should be less than 20%.

  3. A manuscript can be submitted to the Editor-in-Chief using this submission form.

  4. The manuscript should be typed single-spaced throughout the Short-size paper with 2.00 cm margins on all sides using 10-point Book Antiqua font.

  5. The contents should be arranged as follows: title, abstract, keywords, introduction, methodology, results and discussion, conclusion, contributions of authors, funding, conflict of interest, acknowledgment, and references. Do not add page numbers. The use of footnotes is discouraged. Under the abovementioned settings, a manuscript should not be longer than 20 pages, including the reference section.

  6. Below is the suggested format for a manuscript:

    a. Title: The contents of this must be concise and descriptive. The title is followed by the name(s) of the author(s), affiliations (department or college and the university or institution), complete postal addresses, and e-mail information of the corresponding author. If there is more than one author, the corresponding author, who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing, publication, and post-publication, should be indicated.

    b. Abstract: A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should briefly state the research problem/gap, research objectives, methodology, principal results, and the number of values and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the manuscript; hence, it must be able to stand alone, preferably typed in one paragraph, and should not exceed 300 words.

    c. Keywords: Immediately after the abstract, a maximum of 5 keywords should be provided indicating the scope of the paper. They should be arranged in alphabetical order.

    d. Introduction: The introduction should provide a clear statement of the problem and sufficient background information to contextualize the work. It must contain a discussion of related literature to highlight their similarities and differences, thereby establishing gaps the work hopes to fill. The purpose statement and significance should be written in the last part of this section. Do not add subsections. The RRL should be integrated into the discussion before presenting the research gap.

    e. Methodology: This should be concise but provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be repeated by others. However, only truly new procedures should be described in detail; previously published procedures should be cited, and important modifications of published procedures should be mentioned briefly. The study protocol number and the name of the issuing Institutional Ethics Committee and Animal Care Unit or Provincial/City/Municipal Veterinary Office for health-related studies involving human participants and animal subjects, respectively, should be written in this section.

    The methodology can be organized into subsections: Research Design, Research Participants, Research Instruments, Data Gathering Procedure, Data Analysis, and Ethical Considerations.

    f. Results and Discussion: Results should be presented logically in the text, tables, graphs, and figures; repetitive presentation of the same data in different forms should be avoided. The discussion of results should provide descriptions and explanations of observed phenomena, trends, optimized values, and other information that illustrate how these results relate to those obtained in similar previous works. Authors are reminded that the results and discussion are not separated, and each result must be followed directly by its corresponding discussion.

    g. Conclusions: The conclusion should present a summary of the important contributions of the study. Future related works may also be cited.

    h. Contributions of Authors: State the specific contribution of each author in the conception, design, analysis, writing, or revision of the manuscript.

    i. Funding: Indicate any funding agency for this research.

    j. Conflicts of Interest: A conflict of interest, also known as a competing interest, is a situation in which an interest or connection—direct or indirect—could influence your research. It could be financial or non-financial COI.

    k. Acknowledgement: Should only include Advisors, Financial supporters and funders, proofreaders and typists, and Suppliers who may have donated materials can also be included.

    The acknowledgment of people, grants, funds, etc., should be brief.

    l. References: It should be ensured that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list. Gray literature, unpublished works, or references that are not accessible should not be cited. References to the paper “In Press” must mean the manuscript has been accepted for publication. All citations in the text should refer to (1) a single author: the author’s name (without initials, unless there is ambiguity) and the year of publication; (2) two authors: both authors’ names and the year of publication; (3) Three or more authors: first author’s name followed by “et al.” and the year of publication. Multiple references should be cited in chronological order. Citations may be made parenthetically or narratively as in these examples: “as demonstrated (Allan and Jones, 1995); Kramer et al. (2000) have recently shown ...”. The list of references should be arranged alphabetically by the author’s name. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters “a”, “b”, “c”, etc., placed after the year of publication. The manuscript should be carefully checked to ensure that the spelling of the author’s names and dates are the same in the text as in the reference list.


  • Reference to a journal publication: Andreff, W., & Staudohar, P. (2000). The evolving European model of professional sports finance. Journal of Sports Economics, 1(3), 257–276.

  • Reference to a book: Davis, M.L. (2005). Introduction to environmental engineering (3rd ed.). New York, United States: McGraw Hill Inc.

  • Reference to a chapter in an edited book: Mettam, G.R., & Adams, L.B. (1999). How to prepare an electronic version of your article. In: B.S. Jones & R.Z. Smith (Eds.), Introduction to the electronic age (pp. 281-304). New York, United States: E-Publishing Inc.

  • Reference to a thesis or dissertation: Reid, J.O. (2009). Sustainable energy efficiency in households of the Philippines (Dissertation). College of Engineering and Architecture, University of the People, Philippines.

  • Reference to a conference proceeding: Weber, D.J., & Hess, W.M. (1985). Simple solar model for irradiance. In E. Bilgen & K.G.T. Hollands (Eds.), Proceedings of ISES World Congress, Montreal, Canada, 123-132.

  • Reference to an internet source: Dunn, L.E. (2013). Concrete technology manual. Retrieved from

  • Reference to a news article: Nazario, D. (2020, November 28). Okra toothpaste, anyone? Manila Bulletin. Retrieved from

  • Reference to a software: R Core Team. (2014). A language and environment for statistical computing [Computer software]. Vienna, Austria: R Foundation for Statistical Computing

    m. Tables: Tables should be self-contained and complement, but not duplicate, the information contained in the text. Each table should be inserted into the main text, numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and supplied with a heading and a legend. Tables should be single-spaced and vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. They should have only three horizontal lines (under the title, under the headings of the columns, and at the end of the tables.) Column headings should be brief, with units of measurement in parentheses. Attaching photos of tables is prohibited.

    n. Figure Captions: It should be ensured that each figure/illustration has a caption. The captions must be supplied and attached below the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Text in the illustrations themselves should be kept to a minimum.

    o. Figures and Photographs: Figures and photographs should be in an acceptable format (.tiff, .eps, .jpeg, or MS Office files) and of high resolution. Figures and photographs should be embedded in the manuscript and not as parts of appendices, which the journal disallows. Book Antiqua font must be used if the Figures and photographs have text and numbers. Figures must be editable to be adjusted later on if the manuscript is accepted for publication.

    p. Mathematical Texts and Equations: Equations should be aligned at the center and numbered consecutively, e.g., (1), (2), etc., at the right margin, and thus can be referred to as such in the text. Make sure to provide meanings on all symbols used.

  1. Authors are required to study carefully the instructions for the preparation of manuscripts and the JIP Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement. Please follow them properly before submitting your manuscript. Authors who fail to follow these instructions are liable to have manuscripts returned to them before review and to be asked to prepare their manuscripts in the prescribed format of the journal. By submitting a manuscript in the prescribed format, an author can avoid delays in acceptance and publication.

  2. The Editor-in-Chief reserves the right to adjust the style to achieve a certain standard of uniformity.

  3. After the initial review and peer-review process, the corresponding author will be notified of acceptance, rejection, or need for revision. Manuscripts will not be returned to an author unless specifically requested, or unless reviewers have provided annotations that will be useful to the author. Authors instructed to revise their manuscript based on the initial review and peer-review comments should do so within 15 and 60 days, respectively.

  4. Copyright: Submission of a manuscript implies that the work described has not been published in a refereed journal before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture); that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors should execute the transfer of copyright agreement with the publisher as a requirement for publication of the manuscript.

  5. Proofs: An electronic proof will be sent to the corresponding author as a .pdf file for final checking. The author will be given no longer than three days to check the file before it goes to publishing. No changes will be made to the manuscript once the paper is published except with the Editor-in-Chief’s agreement.

To download the JIP Manuscript Template, click here.